By Dhanvi Shah

It’s easy to take our planet for granted until we see the human cost of its degradation: hunger, displacement, unemployment, illness, and death. Millions of people are already suffering from the catastrophic effects of climate change – from prolonged drought in sub-Saharan Africa to devastating tropical storms sweeping across Southeast Asia, the Caribbean, and the Pacific. Scorching temperatures have caused deadly heatwaves in Europe and wildfires in South Korea, Algeria, and Croatia. There has been severe flooding in Pakistan, while a prolonged and intense drought in Madagascar has left 1 million people with very limited access to food. The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change warns that global greenhouse gas emissions must peak before 2025 at the latest, and be reduced by 43% by 2030 if we are to limit climate change to 1.5°C and avoid complete catastrophe.

Climate change is mainly caused due to human activities, such as burning fossil fuels and deforestation, which release large amounts of greenhouse gases into the atmosphere. These gases trap heat and cause the Earth’s temperature to rise, leading to a range of impacts on the environment, ecosystems, and human societies. Some of the impacts of climate change include:

  1. Rising sea levels: As glaciers and ice caps melt, sea levels are rising, threatening coastal cities and communities.
  2. Extreme weather events: Climate change is causing more frequent and severe weather events such as hurricanes, floods, and droughts.
  3. Changes in ecosystems: As temperatures rise, ecosystems are shifting, and some species are unable to adapt, leading to declines in biodiversity.
  4. Impacts on human health: Climate change is causing an increase in the incidence of heat-related illnesses, respiratory diseases, and other health problems.

Eliminating climate change entirely is not possible, as it is a complex and multifaceted problem that requires action on a global scale. However, we can take steps to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and mitigate the impacts of climate change by:

  1. Reducing fossil fuel use: We can reduce our reliance on fossil fuels by promoting the use of renewable energy sources such as solar and wind power.
  2. Increasing energy efficiency: We can reduce energy consumption by promoting energy-efficient buildings, appliances, and transportation.
  3. Preserving forests: We can reduce greenhouse gas emissions by preserving forests, which absorb carbon dioxide from the atmosphere.
  4. Promoting sustainable agriculture: We can promote sustainable agriculture practices that reduce greenhouse gas emissions and improve soil health.
  5. Adapting to the impacts of climate change: We can prepare for the impacts of climate change by developing adaptation strategies that protect vulnerable communities and ecosystems.

Overall, climate change will require everyone to do their part. We will need governments, NGOs, scientists, activists, educators, companies, and everyday citizens on board if we want to really stop and adapt to climate change. We know this is possible and we are working hard to make this happen. What will you do to help?